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The Saga of the Railways

The history of the Railways can be traced back to 1000 BC. In Greece, carriages (carrying both people and freight) moving on rock-carved tracks were a popular means of transportation. The modern railways, however, have their origins in the coalmines. Around 1550 AD, wooden tracks and horse driven carriages were widely used by the collieries. In the year 1738, rail tracks made of cast iron replaced the timber tracks. In the year 1776, the standard gauge of 1435 mm was introduced. In the meanwhile, engineers were working hard on steam-powered engines. The year 1781 saw the arrival of the rotary-motion steam powered engine (invented by James Watt). Then came the two road steam locomotives (one in 1801 and the other in 1803) by the father of modern railways, Richard Trevithick.

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